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Spelling/Vocabulary Words

Spelling/Vocabulary Words  
Activity Date: 10/23/2013


1.  tedious- long and tiresome

2.  ingenuous- free from reserve, candid, sincere

3.  insipid-  flat, dull, uninteresting

4.  sagacious- shrewd (clever)

5.  meager- inadequate; deficient in quantity or quality

6.  portal- a door, gate, or entrance

7.  monotone- a single tone without harmony or variation in pitch

8.  puerile- childishly foolish, immature

9. somber- dull or dark colored

10. dread- causing great fear or anxiety

11.  fey- relating to magic

12. survey- to look over and examine closely

13.  utter- to express in words

14.  titter- to laugh in a nervous manner

15.  jocose- merry, joking

16.  distraught- agitated with doubt or mental conflict

17. formidable- arousing fear

18. tresses- long, unbound hair

19. quail- to lose courage

20. sentry- a person (especially a soldier) standing guard

21. punctilious- showing great attention to detail or correct behavior

22. subvocalize- to make vocal, utter

23. glower- glare

24. wisp- a thready streak

25. muffle- to deaden the sound

26. colleague- a fellow worker

27. heed- attention

28. stripling- a youth just passing from boyhood to manhood

29. martinet- strict disciplinarian

30. querulous- habitually complaining, whining

31. wrathful- filled with anger

32. peer- a person as the same rank or standing as another, equal

33. emit- to throw or give off

34. pandemonium- a wild uproar

35. amicable- characterized by friendship and goodwill

36. peal- to sound loudly

37. daunt- to make afraid

38. titanic- a great magnitude, force or power; colossal

39. petite- small and trim of figure

40. jocularity- saying of doing in jest (joking)

41. encounter- to come upon face to face; meet

42. proboscis- a long, flexible, or prominent snout or nose

 43. eerie- arousing fear or uneasiness because of strangeness or gloominess; weird

 44. query- to question

 45. waggish- humorous

46. consternation- amazement or dismay that hinders or throws into confusion.

47. terse- using as few words as possible without loss of force or clearness

48. blurt- to utter suddenly without thinking

49. juncture- a critical point in time

50. furtive- done by stealth; sly, secret

51. loathe- to feel extreme disgust

52. perceive-to become aware of through the senses, especially through sight

53. counter- to act in opposition; oppose

54. nostril- either of the outer openings of the nose 

55. stern- hard and severe in nature and manner

56. woe- deep suffering from misfortune of grief

57. pontificate- to speak in an authoritative manner

58. commence- begin, start

 59.odious-  causing or deserving hatred or strong dislike.

 60. wretched- very miserable or unhappy

 61. boisterous- noisily turbulent; rowdy.

 62. forebode- to have a feeling that something  unfortunate is going to happen.

 63. compatriot- fellow countryman.

 64. purse- pucker.

 65. mar- to make a blemish on; damage.

 66. opt- optional

67. tout- to praise excessively

68. Impressionist- a style of painting developed in the last third of the 19th Century, characterized chiefly by light brush strokes of bright colors to represent the effect of light on objects.

69. periodically- at regular intervals

70. muse- to be absorbed in thought.

71. neophyte- a person who is new to a subject, skill, or belief. 

72. arduous- extremely difficult

73. compel- to force

74. plod- to walk heavily

75. invariable- not changing

76. dapper- neat, trim, smart 

77. hilarious- merry, cheerful

78. afoot- on the move; in progress

79. evoke- to produce or call forth

 80. apropos- fitting, at the right time, to the purpose

 81. indolent- lazy, idle

 82. innovative- introducing something new

 83. superlative- surpassing all others, supreme

 84. taunt- insult

 85. fray- brawl; fight

86. goad- to prod

87. loathe- to feel disgust

88. jeer- to taunt or mock (insult)

89. orchestrate- to arrange or manipulate, especially by means of clever or thorough planning or maneuvering

90. usher- to lead, introduce, or conduct

91. miscreant- villain, scoundrel

92. docile- easily handled or managed

93. meticulous- extremely or excessively careful in small details

94. argument- convince or persuade

95. claim- maintain as a fact

96. valid- sound, just; well-founded

97. evidence- that which tends to prove or disprove something; proof.

98. counterclaim (AKA counterargument)- claim made to offset another claim

99. bias-  a preference for one thing over another, especially an unfair one.

100. introduction- the beginning of a piece of writing (the first paragraph) .  It introduces the topic and “grabs” the reader’s attention.

101. body- the middle of a piece of writing (between the introduction and conclusion).  It contains main ideas and supporting details.

102. conclusion- the last paragraph of an essay

103. informative- an essay that informs the reader


104. expository- synonym for informative and explanatory (to inform)


105. explanatory- synonym for informative and expository (to inform)


106. topic- the subject or theme


107. relevant- pertinent; important


108. connotation- the emotional meaning a word suggests


109. graphics- pictures/ images


110. citation- the act of citing or quoting a reference


111. extraneous- not pertinent; irrelevant


112. transitions- special words that show how ideas are related


113. denotation -direct “dictionary” definition of a word.


114. format- organizational pattern


115. figurative language- language that contains or uses figures of speech


116. sensory detail- A detail that uses the five senses. It shows how something or someone looks, sounds, smells, tastes, or feels.


117. dialogue- the conversation between characters in a novel, drama, etc.


118. syntax- the study of the rules of language


119. imagery- language or wording that allows the reader to imagine or


have a visual image


120. foreshadowing - to show or indicate beforehand.


121. organizational structure- how a writer chooses to organize his or her piece of writing. (chronological order, cause and effect, problem/solution, how-to, etc.)


122. context- the parts of a written or spoken statement that precede or follow a specific word or passage, usually influencing its meaning or effect.


123. audience- the person or group that will be reading your writing

124. purpose- why a person writes about a subject

125. prewriting- the planning stage of the writing process

126. drafting- follows prewriting; putting ideas onto paper in an order that makes sense

127. publishing- to make your writing final and ready for presentation

128. focus- a subject that drives your piece of writing and helps you stay on topic

129. genre- a French word meaning “type” or “class.” Works of the same genre share certain characteristics

130. fluency- able to speak and write clearly.

131. peer- other students, friends

132. research- the study of a given subject

133. inquiry- a seeking or request for truth, information, or knowledge


134. summarize- a brief repetition of previously stated facts


135. paraphrase- restatement of a passage using a different form


136. style- the arrangement of words into sentences; your writing style is personal because you are the one who creates it


137. voice- expression


138. fact- something said to be true or supposed to have happened


139. opinion- a personal view or attitude


140. detail- information that supports the main idea


141. conventions- rules for writing


142. scoff- to mock, ridicule (make fun of)


143. mutual- owned, shared, or enjoyed by two or more at the same time.


144. widespread- widely spread out.


145. habitat- a place or type of place where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives or grows.


146. larvae- the immature, wingless, and often wormlike form that hatches from the egg of many insects.


147. stupendous- causing amazement; astounding; marvelous

148. shrill- high-pitched and piercing in sound quality

149. adamant- immovable; unyielding

150. horrendous- dreadful; horrible


151. spectacles- eyeglasses


152. protrude- stick out


153. manifest- to show or display


154. bellow- to shout in a deep voice


155. articulate- to speak clearly


156. massive- large, solid, or heavy in structure


157. reproach- to find fault with (a person, group, etc.)


158. discourse- verbal interchange of ideas; conversation


159. metamorphose- to change or cause to change in formation


160. marvel- to become filled with surprise or astonishment.

161. caveat- a warning or caution

162. clamor- a loud uproar, as from a crowd of people

163. mollify- to soothe in temper

164. adept- very skilled; proficient; expert

165. balmy- mild and refreshing; soft; soothing